The principle of the electric car is very simple. Forget pistons, gearboxes and staps: the electric car has none of that. These vehicles are much simpler to operate than a diesel or petrol car.
An electric car generates power solely from electrical sources such as a battery. One or more batteries serve as the only on-board energy storage system and are chargeable from the electric grid. This allows these cars to make very little noise. It recharges it by plugging it into the power grid with a cable., The electric has no gearbox, the motor axle rotates directly on the driving wheels. Moreover, as electric cars do not need gears, they can provide full torque (the force that drives the vehicle forward) which results in an instant acceleration without losing energy in friction between moving parts.
In comparison to a fully electric car, a hybrid cars have a battery storage system and a conventional petrol system which both produce power. The two motors work separately or together, depending on the situation and model, to generate power. The result of this combination is that less gasoline is burned. Currently, two different forms of hybrid vehicles are available for consumers: The plug-in hybrid and the conventional hybrid.
- The plug-in hybrid has a battery storage that can be recharged at the electric grid like electric cars. It often has a range between 20 and 60 km and a top speed of around 120 km/h.
- On the other hand conventional hybrid cars have a battery storage that cannot be charged at the electric grid but the energy is recovered from braking. Its electric range is limited to a few kilometers of city driving.
Moreover hybrid vehicles do not need a conventional clutch, they have an automatic gearbox. Actually, manual gear would only create conflict with the different power regeneration models.
Conventional cars run on energy that is created by a combustible engine while burning fuel, creating considerable CO2 emissions. The complexity of the design of combustion-powered engine requires more maintenance and wear parts to be replaced such as filters, lubricants, belts, etc.
Combustible cars are available as manual and automatic.